The Krugerrand is a South African gold coin, first minted in 1967 to help market South African gold. The coin proved popular, and by 1980 the Krugerrand accounted for 90% of the gold coin market. It is produced by the South African Mint, and offered in one ounce, a half ounce, a quarter ounce and a tenth ounce of actual gold weight. The Krugerrand was introduced in 1967, as a vehicle for private ownership of gold. It was actually intended to circulate as currency. Therefore it was minted in a more durable gold alloy, unlike most other bullion coins. he Krugerrand is 32.6 mm in diameter and 2.74 mm thick. The Krugerrand's actual weight is 1.0909 troy ounces (33.93 g). It is minted from gold alloy that is 91.67% pure (22 karats), so the coin contains one troy ounce (31.1035 g) of gold. The remaining 8.33% of the coin's weight (2.826 g) is copper (an alloy known historically as crown gold which has long been used for English gold sovereigns), which gives the Krugerrand a more orange appearance than silver-alloyed gold coins. Copper alloy coins are harder and more durable, so they can resist scratches and dents. The Krugerrand is so named because the obverse bears the face of Boer statesman Paul Kruger, four-term president of the old South African Republic. The reverse depicts a springbok, one of the national symbols of South Africa. The image was designed by Coert Steynberg, and was previously used on the reverse of the earlier South African five shilling coin. The name "South Africa" and the gold content are inscribed in both Afrikaans and English Krugerrands were specifically created to be traded in the global market. They are the only 1 oz gold coins to not have a currency value attached to them. The value is based completely on it's gold content. The Krugerrand was the first 1 oz gold bullion coin and set the stage for other countries to mint bullion in the 1 oz measurements. Krugerrands are still one of the most internationally traded forms of gold and while at one time the most popular still is in the top 3 in terms of trade volume. Due to the change in attitude on paper currency and the financial markets, gold has emerged as the most trusted form of hedging against financial crisis with a those buying gold flocking to the Krugerrand.